Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj Jayanti

MK Digital Line
Sambhaji Bhosale was the second ruler of the Maratha kingdom. He was the eldest son of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Sambhaji was born at Purandar fort to Saibai. His mother died when he was two years old and he was raised by his paternal grandmother Jijabai.

Sambhaji was married to Jivubai in a marriage of political alliance; per Maratha custom she took the name Yesubai. Jivubai was the daughter of Pilajirao Shirke, who had entered Shivaji Maharaj's service following the defeat of a powerful deshmukh Rao Rana Suryajirao Surve who was his previous patron.

This marriage thus gave him the access to the Konkan coastal belt. Also, Yesubai gave birth to a daughter named Bhavani Bai and then to a son named Shahu, who became the fifth ruler of Maratha Kingdom. The 1687 Battle of Wai saw the Maratha forces badly weakened by the Mughals. The key Maratha commander Hambirao Mohite was killed and troops began to desert the Maratha armies.

Sambhaji's positions were spied upon by his own relations, the Shirke family, who had defected to the Mughals. Sambhaji and 25 of his advisors were captured by the Mughal forces of Muqarrab Khan in a skirmish at Sangameshwar in February 1689. He was later executed on 11 March 1689.

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