Hong Kong Protest 2019-20


MK Digital Line
The ongoing 2019–20 Hong Kong protests were triggered by the introduction of the Fugitive Offenders amendment bill by the Hong Kong government. Despite a demonstration attended by hundreds of thousands on 9 June 2019, the government persisted with the bill.

If enacted, the bill would have allowed extradition to jurisdictions with which Hong Kong does not currently have extradition agreements, including mainland China and Taiwan. This led to concerns that the bill would subject Hong Kong residents and visitors to the legal system of mainland China, thereby undermining Hong Kong's autonomy and infringing civil liberties.

Protesters gathered outside the Legislative Council Complex to stall the bill's second reading on 12 June, resulting in an intense standoff with the police. On 16 June, just one day after Lam suspended the bill, an even bigger protest took place to push for its complete withdrawal and in reaction to the perceived excessive use of force by the police on 12 June.

Initially, the protesters only demanded the withdrawal of the extradition bill. Following an escalation in the severity of policing tactics against demonstrators on 12 June 2019, the protesters' objective was to achieve the following five demands, protesters were seen chanting the slogan "Five demands, not one less"

The first demand was a complete withdrawal of the extradition bill from the legislative process, it was formally withdrawn on 23 October 2019. The second, retraction of the "riot" characterisation, as though the government's characterisation of the protests as "riots". Because any protester who was arrested could spend up to 10 years in prison.

The third is the release and exoneration of arrested protesters, protesters consider the arrests to be politically motivated. Fourthly, the establishment of an independent commission of inquiry into police conduct and use of force during the protests, as civic groups felt that the level of violence used by the police on 12 June was unjustified.

Fifth, the resignation of Carrie Lam and the implementation of universal suffrage for Legislative Council elections and for the election of the Chief Executive. Official statistics showed that Hong Kong had slipped into recession as its economy had shrunk in the second and third quarters of 2019.

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