Telangana Became the 29th State of India

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Telangana is the twelfth largest state and the twelfth most populated state in India with a geographical area of 112,077 sq km and over 35 million residents as per 2011 census.

On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital.

Throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages, the region now known as Telangana was ruled by multiple major Indian powers such as the Cholas, Mauryans, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Golconda Sultanate. And during the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals.

During the 18th century and the British Raj, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern Circars (Coastal Andhra) and Ceded Districts (Rayalseema), which were handed over to the East India Company.

Thereafter, the Northern Circars were governed as part of Madras Presidency until India's independence in 1947, after which the presidency became India's Madras state. The Hyderabad state joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. 

In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State which was later named as Andhra Pradesh.

A peasant-driven movement began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s and continued until Telangana was granted statehood on 2 June 2014 under the leadership of K. Chandrashekar Rao.

Telugu, one of the classical languages of India, is the official language of Telangana and Urdu is the second official language of the state.[59] About 75% of the population of Telangana speak Telugu and 12% speak Urdu.

Telangana is the eighth-largest state economy in India with US$140 billion in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of US$3,200. Telangana ranks 22nd among Indian states in the human development index.

The state is also the main administrative centre of many Indian defence aerospace and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research and Development Laboratory.

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